By Cyril Mango, Gilbert Dagron
From its beginning, town of Constantinople ruled the Byzantine global. It was once the seat of the emperor, the centre of presidency and church, the focal point of trade and tradition, via some distance the best city centre; its wishes when it comes to provides and security imposed their very own common sense at the improvement of the empire. Byzantine Constantinople has ordinarily been handled when it comes to the walled urban and its rapid suburbs. during this quantity, containing 25 papers added on the twenty seventh Spring Symposium of Byzantine experiences held at Oxford in 1993, the point of view has been enlarged to surround a much wider geographical environment, that of the city’s eu and Asiatic hinterland. inside of this framework quite a few interconnected themes were addressed, starting from the naked prerequisites of existence and defence to fabricate and export, communications among the capital and its hinterland, tradition and inventive manifestations and the function of the sacred.
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Additional info for Constantinople and Its Hinterland: Papers from the Twenty-Seventh Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies, Oxford, April 1993
Another angle to be explored was the place of women in urban society. Recent studies have shown that for the period preceding the late nineteenth century, almost the only way tofindout something about Ottoman women is to explore the kadi registers. Obviously the opportunity to hold property in 6 Men of Modest Substance general, and access to real property in particular, is an important feature of the 'female condition' in any culture. A previous study had already dwelt upon the relative ease of access to the court which protected women's rights to their property,17 an observation which has been amply confirmed while preparing the present study.
For Kayseri in the years shortly before and after 1600, 236 cases have been analysed, while for Ankara and Kayseri at the end of the seventeenth century, the count is 289 and 283 respectively. In order to compensate for these fluctuations, all comparisons have been based upon percentage values. 25 However, this project had to be given up, since the sicils investigated did not provide the necessary information. Obviously, one of the fundamental questions in a study like the present one is the extent to which the results obtained are valid for Ankara and Kayseri throughout the entire seventeenth century, or even for other Anatolian cities of the same period.
The share of these documents among the totality of source materials retained for the purposes of the present study ranges from a 10 Men of Modest Substance minimum of 65 per cent (Ankara in the years around 1600) to 82 per cent (Kayseri at the end of the seventeenth century). Taken together, documents related to sales and disputes accounted for 87 per cent of all cases in Ankara around 1600, for 88 per cent of all Kayseri material of the same period, for 90 per cent of all instances connected with late seventeenth-century Ankara, and for 88 per cent of all cases retained for late seventeenth-century Kayseri.