Download PDF by Lawrence S. Wittner: Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear

By Lawrence S. Wittner

Confronting the Bomb tells the dramatic, inspiring tale of the way citizen activism helped scale back the nuclear fingers race and stop nuclear conflict. This abbreviated model of Lawrence Wittner's award-winning trilogy, The fight opposed to the Bomb, exhibits how a world, grassroots campaign—the biggest social circulation of contemporary times—challenged the nuclear priorities of the nice powers and, finally, thwarted their nuclear objectives. in line with gigantic learn within the documents of peace and disarmament enterprises and in previously best mystery govt files, wide interviews with antinuclear activists and govt officers, and memoirs and different released fabrics, Confronting the Bomb opens a distinct window on some of the most very important problems with the fashionable period: survival within the nuclear age. It covers the complete interval of important competition to the bomb, from the ultimate phases of the second one international struggle as much as the current. alongside the way in which, it presents attention-grabbing glimpses of the interplay of key nuclear disarmament activists and policymakers, together with Albert Einstein, Harry Truman, Albert Schweitzer, Norman Cousins, Nikita Khrushchev, Bertrand Russell, Andrei Sakharov, Linus Pauling, Dwight Eisenhower, Harold Macmillan, John F. Kennedy, Randy Forsberg, Mikhail Gorbachev, Helen Caldicott, E.P. Thompson, and Ronald Reagan. total, despite the fact that, it's a tale of well known mobilization and its effectiveness.

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Additional info for Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement (Stanford Nuclear Age Series)

Sample text

Calling repeatedly for world government as the alternative to nuclear annihilation, Hutchins also put university resources behind a faculty committee to draft a world constitution—a document that, by 1949, had secured a worldwide circulation of 200,000 copies. With world government groups springing up all over the United States, six of the largest merged in February 1947 to form United World Federalists. Determined to “strengthen the United Nations into a world government,” the new organization had 720 chapters and nearly 50,000 members by mid-1949.

For most peace-minded West Germans, the issue of German rearmament was paramount, and—together with the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and the Evangelical (Protestant) Church—they threw themselves into the campaign against it. Although the issue of nuclear weapons sometimes took a back seat to more immediate concerns, Germany’s peace groups did work, successfully, to keep it alive. ” In August 1949, World Peace Day was again celebrated in numerous localities. ” Meanwhile, on August 5, the eve of the anniversary of the Hiroshima bombing, some 800 persons filled the University of Hamburg auditorium for a memorial meeting sponsored by the WRI branch and supported by 31 local groups, including the German Peace Society, the WILPF, the World Citizens, and the Crusade for World Government.

Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Truman and other officials arranged for Stimson to write an article that would make the case for it. S.  . S. S. State Department called “heavy public pressure,” numerous officials in the British government championed the new thinking. Referring to the atomic bomb, Stafford Cripps, a member of the new Labour Party cabinet, declared that it was “absolutely vital and essential that we should not allow this new form of destruction to be let loose on the world.

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