Get Computing and Philosophy: Selected Papers from IACAP 2014 PDF

By Vincent C. Müller

This quantity bargains very chosen papers from the 2014 convention of the “International organization for Computing and Philosophy” (IACAP) - a convention culture of 28 years. The subject of the papers is the two-way relation among computing applied sciences and philosophical questions: Computing applied sciences either elevate new philosophical questions, and make clear conventional philosophical difficulties. The chapters disguise: 1) philosophy of computing, 2) philosophy of desktop technological know-how & discovery, three) philosophy of cognition & intelligence, four) computing & society, and five) ethics of computation.

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Egan, F. (1995). Computation and content. Philosophical Review, 104, 181–204. Fodor, J. (1981). Representations. Cambridge: MIT Press. Friston, K. (2013). Life as we know it. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 10, 20130475. Hurley, S. (1998). Consciousness in action. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. , & Myin, E. (2013). Radicalizing enactivism. Cambridge: MIT Press. Maturana, H. (1975). The organization of the living: A theory of the living organization. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 7(3), 313–332.

229), Soare (1996), Herken (1995), Olszewski et al. (2007), Kripke (2013). 5 6 See Herken (1995), Olszewski et al. (2007). The term ‘empirical’ is to be understood in a purely epistemological way, that is, as a comparison with experimental data. In spite of this no applications are involved. 3 Are Gandy Machines Really Local? 29 In 1980 Robin Gandy described and analysed what today are called Gandy Machines. This notion is a very interesting contribution to the computability theory, because it is a mathematical concept that, on the one hand, is equivalent to another mathematical notion, namely Turing computability, and on the other hand, it is a very interesting formal model of some physical situation concerning computation.

This shows the epistemological relevance of our realization concept. We also discuss Gandy machines in quantum context. In fact, it is well known that in quantum mechanics, locality is seriously questioned, therefore it is worthwhile to analyse briefly, whether quantum machines are Gandy machines. V. Fano ( ) • R. Macrelli • G. it P. C. 1007/978-3-319-23291-1_3 27 28 V. Fano et al. 1 Church, Turing and Gandy When we say that a function1 is ‘effectively calculable’ we mean, roughly speaking, that there is a procedure that, starting from any argument, always produces the correct value.

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