By Edward G. Keating
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Extra resources for Challenges in Defense Working Capital Fund Pricing : Analysis of the Defense Finance and Accounting Service
For example, discounting of automated services can hopefully encourage customers to adopt more-efficient processes (even if they prefer current approaches that are more expensive for DFAS). In addition, cross-customer subsidization should be minimized. Ultimately, DFAS cannot and should not tell its customers what to do. Instead, DFAS should provide customers with a price “menu” that is more detailed and customer-specific than the current list of prices and that reflects DFAS’s incremental costs of various approaches.
In the laboratory setting, these remedies lessened but did not entirely solve the problem of auditors shirking their responsibilities. 34 Testing for Moral Hazard If there were a moral-hazard-induced change in DFAS’s accounting expenditures, we would expect to see an increase—either a level increase or a trend increase—after the change in the billing regime. As noted earlier, we know the exact date, October 1999, of the introduction of hourly billing. The combination of our knowledge of DFAS expenditures and the exact timing of the introduction of the new billing system gives us the ability to test whether DFAS took advantage of the moral hazard opportunity.
Uecker, “A Laboratory Investigation of the Moral Hazard Problem in an Agency Relationship,” Journal of Accounting Research, Vol. 23, 1985, pp. 81–123. “Deluded Old School Accountants,” Journal of Accountancy, Vol. 10, No. 1, May 1910, pp. 53–57. Firth, Michael, “Auditor Reputation: The Impact of Critical Reports Issued by Government Auditors,” RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 21, No. 3, Autumn 1990, pp. 374–387. , and Albert A. Robbert, Personnel Savings in Competitively Sourced DoD Activities: Are They Real?