Download e-book for kindle: Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire by Charles A. Frazee

By Charles A. Frazee

This booklet surveys the kinfolk among Catholics inside and outside the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923. After the autumn of Constantinople the one huge Latin Catholic team to be integrated into the sultan's area have been the Genoese who lived in Galata, around the Golden Horn from the Byzantine capital. Over the following few many years Turkish armies driven into the Balkans, overrunning the Catholic inhabitants of Albania, Bosnia and Hungary. within the Orient, the 16th century observed the Maronites of Lebanon, the Latins of Palestine and lots of the Greek islands, which as soon as held Latin Catholic groups, come less than Turkish rule. Papal reaction to the lack of those groups used to be first and foremost a decision to the campaign, yet reaction from West eu monarchs was once disappointing. Their issues have been in the direction of domestic. French curiosity, even though, lay in an alliance with the Turks opposed to the Habsburgs. As an advantage, the Catholics of the Ottoman international obtained a protector on the Porte within the individual of the French ambassador. The booklet strains the following heritage of the Latin Catholics and every of the japanese Catholic church buildings within the Ottoman Empire until eventually its dissolution in 1923.

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Naxos, impossible to defend, surrendered to the Muslim fleet and in return for his confirmation as duke, Giovanni agreed to pay an annual tribute of 5,000 gold coins. He also agreed to the appointment by the patriarch of Constantinople of a Greek Orthodox bishop to the see of Naxos. Later, when a Latin bishop appeared on Naxos in 1540 without receiving permission from the Turkish authorities, he was arrested. 15 Throughout the following year Barbarossa pursued his policy of subordinating the Catholic islands of the Aegean to Istanbul.

Attack upon Balkan Catholics 45 He died on 7 September 1566 outside the Hungarian city of Szeged, having kept intact his reputation as the greatest of Ottoman sultans. The years extending from Mehmet IPs to Slileyman's rule were ones of constant aggression against Eastern Catholic princes and nations. Pope after pope encouraged the Western sovereigns to help their brothers, but nothing could apparently be done to stir them into action. The monarchs of Western Europe were much too busy with their own affairs to be persuaded that the far-away Balkans concerned them.

He believed it to be his vocation to pursue the Holy War against the Christians so as to extend the borders of Islam, and at the same time to fight against Muslim heresy, which was ever more pressing since Shi'ism had become identified with Persian aggression against his nation. Siileyman so constructed his administration that military matters received priority over all other concerns of empire. The Janissary corps, his father's pride, was further developed to become the largest and best trained infantry in Europe.

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