Freud, Dora, and Vienna 1900

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They also lack the necessary legal enforcement powers to compel a husband to take the necessary action. E.) also unknowingly pointed to the same outcome of the religious restriction of women when he said: “Many women, much magic.” 90 It was doubtless the same kind of pressure, plus the burgeoning liberation of women in the Hellenistic period, that led to the extraordinary popularity at that time of the Eastern cults and mystery religions, particularly among women. 91 Women not only took part in these religious cults, but often did so in great numbers and often in leading and even priestly roles, as, for example, in the Eleusian, the Dionysian and the Andanian mysteries (indeed, it would seem it was just such placing of women on a level with men in religion and cult that provoked a Christian polemic against the equality of women by Cyril of Alexandria--376-444 C.
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The Jewish Girl's Guide to Success in School

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What do we do with the information we learn? Rather, those who claim homosexuality is compatible with Judaism or Christianity bear the burden of proof to reconcile this view with their Bible. The gap left by the abolition of the local shrines was eventually filled by the establishment of the Synagogue, but there is no clear reference to this new institution until some four centuries later. I have been deleting posts and threads that use the word Jewess as I was made aware that some Jews find it to be an offensive racial slur.
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The Women of Israel or Characters and Sketches from the Holy

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The Rabbis did not know what was meant by, salseleah (and it shall exalt). There is also ample halachic evidence that even when a single voice is discernable within the group or when one woman is singing alone, the prohibition of Kol Isha does not apply in the context of prayer, education, or other holy activities. And if you could contemplate a case, such that He was not to exist…then all things would cease to exist and there would remain nothing. I want you to share your food with the hungry and to provide shelter for homeless, oppressed people.
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Tales of the Neighborhood: Jewish Narrative Dialogues in

Galit Hasan-Rokem

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Arun Divakar Swetha wrote: "Arun, did you know that there's a temple in Chennai that popularly goes by the name of 'CA Hanuman temple'? And Jews worship the god called Yahweh, which means the God of Israel. But as I said before, this restriction on participation in synagogue life does not mean that women are excluded the Jewish religion, because the Jewish religion is not just something that happens in synagogue. However, it would be helpful to quote and analyze a number of rabbinic statements which reflect the general attitudes of the ancient rabbis toward women, keeping in mind that the body of rabbis of course did not present a homogeneous attitude toward women.
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Words on Fire

Vanessa L. Ochs

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I am the daughter of a secular city, of the generation that witnessed the Holocaust to ask: 'Is God dead?' For me as for other Jewish feminists, religion perpetuated the patriarchal tradition that denied women access to Judaism's most sacred rituals and enshrined them within the strict confines of their biological role. With the rolling pin she made matzah balls for chicken soup, dough for knedels, dough to make challah, dough for Hamantaschen, and mandelbread.
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And Rachel Stole the Idols: The Emergence of Modern Hebrew

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Religion formed over several centuries; was codified during the Babylonian exile. Ben Azzai replied: But what shall I do, seeing that my soul is in love with the Torah; the world can be carried on by others.” 128 In the end, it was not the brilliant Torah scholar and ethical thinker Beruria who was held up as the ideal wife, but rather the wife of Rabbi Akiba, who spent perhaps twenty-four years in living widowhood while Akiba studied Torah. 129 If women did not study Torah, it must also be concluded that they normally received no formal education, since formal study in ancient Judaism was largely limited to the study of Torah.
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Daughters of Kings: Growing Up As a Jewish Woman in America

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Whereas in classical Athens usually only the hetaerae had any kind of an education, education for young girls became ever broader and more widespread throughout the Hellenistic period, and one result was that more and more wives as well as husbands were educated. 67 In fact, in Hellenistic Egypt there were more women who could sign their names than men, 68 “and thus Hellenistic literature, particularly the novel, was written for a feminine public.” 69 Another result of the broader Hellenistic education of women was the appearance of a flood of Hellenistic women poets. 70 It is perhaps most of all in that discipline of the spirit for which the Greeks are most renowned, philosophy, that one can see the striving for women’s liberation.
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In The Wake of the Goddesses: Women, Culture, and the

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There is therefore every reason to suppose that the galleries of which remains have been found in several of the ancient synagogues of Palestine served, as in modern synagogues, as a women’s section.... What do we do with the information we learn? The first video below is a collage of various Synagogues, and the second is shows a group of Jews praying at a Synagogue in Jerusalem. The woman, in true accordance with Oriental conceptions, is the subordinate of the man.
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The Jewish Woman in Contemporary Society: Transitions and

Adrienne Baker

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The requirement of fidelity to the Covenant was originally expressed in simple terms such as the call of Abraham to “walk in the presence of God and be blameless” (Genesis 17:1). He was not immersing him for repentance for sin. Joy is more in accordance with the loving kindness of the Lord (8:19).” 87 But the social conditions suggested by the passage as prerequisite for such an age clearly were not being universally applied by the nation, and so it seems most reasonable that the new age was viewed as an ideal for which to strive.
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Levinas, Judaism, and the Feminine: The Silent Footsteps of

Claire Elise Katz

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According to most Orthodox Jews, Jewish people who do not keep the laws of Shabbat and Yom Tov (the holidays), Kashrut, and family purity are considered non-religious. Children born prior to the end of conversion do not become Jews if their parent converts. But G-d brought the Children of Israel out of Egypt under the leadership of Moses. This name hardly describes the movement aptly. In Sudan, too, a jihadi-genocide against the Christian and polytheistic peoples is currently being waged by Khartoum's Islamist government and has left nearly a million "infidels" and "apostates" dead.
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