By Mustafa Bilgin
'Britain and Turkey within the center East' is the 1st e-book to appreciate the advance of the chilly struggle within the center East by way of exploring the Turkish case and is important to greedy the character of Western approach typically and British and Turkish technique particularly in this interval. within the first paintings documenting Anglo-Turkish relatives within the center East within the early chilly warfare interval, Mustafa Bilgin identifies very detailed levels within the dating among Britain and Turkey. prior to 1952 Turkey relied seriously on Britain to guard it from the 'Soviet menace'. In go back for Britain's aid, Turkey acted as a decent dealer in Britain's more and more tough kinfolk with key heart japanese states comparable to Egypt, Iran and Iraq. notwithstanding, Turkey's realisation that it can now not depend on Britain, inspired by means of Britain's blockading of Turkish club of NATO in 1952, resulted in a brand new alliance among Turkey and the U.S..
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Extra info for Britain and Turkey in the Middle East: Politics and Influence in the Early Cold War Era
The Origins of the Soviet Demands for the Straits and Anglo-Turkish Relations During the war Turkey became subject to military and political pressures by the Great Powers due to her geographical position. At this time, the main thrust of Turkish foreign policy was to remain out of the war by trying to follow a balanced policy between the Axis and the Allied Powers. 5 Until the beginning of 1943, Britain did not press strongly to push Turkey into the war believing that neutrality was mutually beneficial because Turkey was blocking Germany and thereby preventing its access to the oil-rich Middle East.
43 In November 1914 Britain attacked and occupied Basra with a force under General Barett. At the critical moment, Turkish troops released from the Dardanelles came to the aid of Baghdad. 45 However, the Turkish success did not last long because of the miscalculations of Enver Pasha (Chief Commander of the Turkish Armies). He pursued a misguided strategy. 46 This was the chief cause of the defeats of the Turks by the British Army from 1917 onwards, and by 1918 Britain had managed to occupy Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine, Baku and Western Persia.
However, it was up to the Chiefs of Staff (COS) to decide whether it was essential to British interests in the Mediterranean that Russia should not be in control of the Dardanelles and whether it was necessary for Turkey to become a belligerent. 8 The Admiralty perspective on the Foreign Office memorandum was that, for the safety of the British Empire’s sea communications through the Suez Canal, it was extremely undesirable for Russia to be in control of the Dardanelles. 9 Concurring with Admiralty views, the COS drew their initial conclusions for the War Cabinet on 22 September 1943.