By Harold Pashler (Editor)
This selection of essays, meant as a textual content for college students, examines different points of study into awareness. The booklet is split into sections: one bargains with mental study into such parts as visible seek, dual-task interference and attentional bottleneck; the opposite bargains with techniques to neural-network modelling and the consequences of mind harm on cognizance.
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Another area where there has been a marked increase in research in recent years is in the study of pathologies of attention caused by lesions of the brain. The chapter by Jon Driver focuses on the fascinating syndrome called "hemineglect". Usually caused by damage to the parietal lobes, neglect appears to reflect a selective difficulty in orienting perceptual attention to one half of space. Driver describes evidence suggesting that this pathology is attributable to a competition between lateralized brain areas that "lobby" for the allocation of attention to the opposite half of space.
New York: Prentice Hall. , & Chajczyk, D. (1983). Tests of the automaticity of reading: Dilution of Stroop effects by color-irrelevant stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 9, 497-509. , & Treisman, A. (1984). Changing views of attention and automaticity. In R. R. 29-62). New York: Academic Press. Külpe, O. (1902). Attention. The Monist, 13. Lichtheim, L. (1885). On aphasia. Brain, 7, 433-484. D. (1983). Attention and behaviourism. Fact and fiction British Journal of Psychology, 74, 301-310.
Attention is deployed to some location in the field for, perhaps, 50 msec. ". Page 20 If this were true, target-trial search rates of 25 or even 50 msec/item would reflect some parallel processing. This estimate of dwell time seems far too long. First, there is evidence that subjects can monitor a stream of sequentially presented items for a target letter or picture at rates exceeding eight items/sec (Chun & Potter, 1995; Lawrence, 1971; Potter, 1975, 1976). In addition, the experimental basis for the Duncan et al.