Get Atlas of terrestrial mammals of the Ionian and Aegean PDF

By Marco Masseti

The atlas provides the present kingdom of data of the prior and current distribution of the non-flying terrestrial mammals of the Ionian and Aegean islands. It presents a distribution map for every species with huge references and an outline of all of the mammalian taxa. The publication additionally makes a speciality of the real position of people within the redefinition of the insular ecological equilibrium, in addition to at the environmental effect of organic invasions. The examine of this fauna delivers a chance for trying out a variety of assorted evolutionary theories.

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Kock et al. [364] provide evidence of the occurrence of Suncus etruscus in eastern Anatolia (Nors¸um Tepe) in the period 3500–300 BC, and its continuous presence in this region was confirmed by Obuch [93, 365]. In Europe, it is restricted to the Mediterranean region, including several islands, where it prefers over-exploited or abandoned olive groves and vineyards 46 6 Atlas of the non-volant mammals of the Ionian and the Aegean islands with old dry stone walls and stonepiles, but occurs also in low maquis shrub and open Mediterranean forests [363].

In this regard, the description given by classical scholars, such as Aelian (170–235), is so detailed that it almost seems to be based on an eye-witness account: “Yet they [the deer] swim in single file, whereby the ones behind put their heads on the rears of the ones in front, and when the first one tires it seeks rest by lining up as the last one and brings up the rear”. Photo by Franco Tassi, courtesy of Ente Autonomo Parco Nazionale d’Abruzzo, Italy. 20 4 The island endemics. The mammals of the Upper Pleistocene such routes become genetically isolated from the respective continental population.

According to various authors, such as Felten and Storch [146] and Krapp [147], the issue of island gigantism too, as manifested by the micromammals, can only be understood as a consequence of genetic drift phenomena, including the so called “founder effect”. The “oceanic-like islands” of the Aegean Sea provided endemic oligotypic associations and/or single species, the majority of which apparently vanished before any fully documented appearance of man. 4 The island endemics. The mammals of the Upper Pleistocene Elephants are described from many Aegean islands, where they evolved in a rather peculiar way, often becoming dwarfed (compare with [148]) ( Fig.

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