By Committee on Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants, Board on Army Science and Technology, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council
January 2012 observed the final touch of the U.S. Army's Chemical fabrics Agency's (CMA's) job to smash ninety percentage of the nation's stockpile of chemical guns. CMA accomplished destruction of the chemical brokers and linked guns deployed in another country, that have been transported to Johnston Atoll, southwest of Hawaii, and demilitarized there. the rest 10 percentage of the nation's chemical guns stockpile is kept at continental U.S. depots, in Lexington, Kentucky, and Pueblo, Colorado. Their destruction has been assigned to a separate U.S. military association, the Assembled Chemical guns possible choices (ACWA) Element.
ACWA is presently developing the final chemical guns disposal amenities, the Pueblo and Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot crops (denoted PCAPP and BGCAPP), with guns destruction actions scheduled to begin in 2015 and 2020, respectively. ACWA is charged with destroying the mustard agent stockpile at Pueblo and the nerve and mustard agent stockpile at Blue Grass with no utilizing the a number of incinerators and furnaces used on the 5 CMA demilitarization vegetation that handled assembled chemical guns - munitions containing either chemical brokers and explosive/propulsive elements. the 2 ACWA demilitarization amenities are congressionally mandated to hire noncombustion-based chemical neutralization tactics to wreck chemical agents.
In order to securely function its disposal crops, CMA constructed equipment and methods to watch chemical agent illness of either secondary waste material and plant structural parts. ACWA at the moment plans to undertake those equipment and techniques to be used at those amenities. The Assessment of Agent tracking ideas for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants file additionally develops and describes a half-dozen situations regarding potential ACWA secondary waste characterization, strategy gear upkeep and changeover actions, and closure agent decontamination demanding situations, the place direct, real-time agent illness measurements on surfaces or in porous bulk fabrics may possibly permit extra effective and probably more secure operations if compatible analytical expertise is on the market and affordable.
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Extra info for Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo: Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants
Once in the EBH room, a robot will pick up each bucket and raise it to a platform near the top of the EBHs. A second robot will then move the bucket from the platform to an EBH, where the contents are dumped into the EBH. This area will be Category A, susceptible to both liquid and vapor contamination. 5 percent caustic, then heated to 240°F. After processing the metal parts and energetics for the specified time, the direction of rotation of the EBH drum will be reversed, lifting the metal parts out of the EBH and dropping them onto the vibrating screen belt of a horizontal conveyor.
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Assessment of Agent Monitoring Strategies for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants BGCAPP AND PCAPP DESIGNS AND PROCEDURES 15 TABLE 2-3 Release Levels, Based on AEL Values, for Reuse of Items Classification Levela Vapor Screening Level ≥1 VSL Health-Based Risk Analysis Requiredb No <1 VSL Yes <1 WPLc,d Yes Unrestricted Release to Public (Clean Unrestricted) <1 GPLd Yes Never Contaminated N/A Yes Contaminated Do Not Release; specific safeguards required Release to Agent Workers Clean Restricted Release to Nonagent Workers Clean Clean Restricted a Restrictions may preclude disassembly or applying heat or friction (such as grinding) without special controls.
WASTE ANALYSIS OVERVIEW Chapter 2 presented an overview of the process flow plans for PCAPP and BGCAPP. This chapter addresses the plans for monitoring and analysis of those processes and the waste streams they will produce. This is not a comprehensive review because this subject was previously examined in the National Research Council (NRC) report Review of Secondary Waste Planning for the Blue Grass and Pueblo Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants (2008a). Instead, the following sections are intended to provide a perspective on where additional monitoring tools might be useful.