Braj Kachru's Asian Englishes : beyond the canon PDF

By Braj Kachru

This publication offers the most important analyzing for college kids and researchers of global Englishes. it really is an insightful and provocative examine of the types and features of English in Asia, its acculturation and nativization, and the cutting edge dimensions of Asian creativity.

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Extra resources for Asian Englishes : beyond the canon

Example text

Earlier, each Indian state had its own agenda for language in education and the political divisions did not foster a national language policy. In India, the largest country in the region, at least four languages had roles as languages of wider communication, or as bazaar languages: Hindi-Urdu (or varieties of Hindi and Hindustani), Sanskrit and Persian. Hindus generally sent their Sinhala 32 Asian Englishes: Beyond the canon denominational schools (vidyalaya) provided liberal arts curricula in Sanskrit, Persian, Hindi, Arabic or in the dominant language of the region.

This concept proposes that world Englishes have a plurality of centres. g. Chinese, Malay, Tamil, Hindi, Tagalog, Thai) as a natural process of convergence and acculturation; and consider the formal processes of nativization as an integral part of the linguistic variety and incorporate these features in the local dictionaries and teaching materials of the variety. Asian Englishes 19 The Asian world of English, then, comprises two distinct types of users. g. g. the Philippines, Singapore, India, Sri Lanka).

The East India Company was essentially a small company of adventurous and enterprising merchants which had originally been conceived in 1599. A few trading ‘factories’ were established by the company in Surat (1612), Madras (now Chennai) (1639–1640), Bombay (now Mumbai) (1674) and Calcutta (now Kolkata) (1690). These ‘factories’ covered the major trade routes to the subcontinent. During the period of Charles II the Company became politically ambitious and consolidated its power as ‘a state within the state’.

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