By Jacques Pitrat
This ebook demonstrates that not just is it attainable to create entities with either recognition and moral sense, yet that these entities display them in methods various from our personal, thereby displaying a brand new form of awareness.
Chapter 1 providing the Actors (pages 1–20):
Chapter 2 attention and sense of right and wrong (pages 21–34):
Chapter three What Does “Itself” suggest for a synthetic Being? (pages 35–65):
Chapter four a few facets of realization (pages 67–104):
Chapter five Why is Auto?observation precious? (pages 105–141):
Chapter 6 how one can discover Oneself (pages 143–172):
Chapter 7 The sense of right and wrong (pages 173–194):
Chapter eight imposing a sense of right and wrong (pages 195–218):
Chapter nine round the moral sense (pages 219–235):
Chapter 10 what's the destiny for CAIA? (pages 237–238):
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Extra info for Artificial Beings: The Conscience of a Conscious Machine
Declarative knowledge is given without directions for use. An example of declarative knowledge for the French grammar is: The article agrees in gender and number with the noun it refers to. 42 Artificial Beings In that way, we are enunciating a fact without indicating how to use it. When one analyzes a text, one can use this rule when one encounters a noun, or when one has completed the analysis of a nominal group, or when one has completed the analysis of a sentence, or even not at all. An important advantage of declarative knowledge is that one can use it for several applications.
The impossibility of studying a complete passive version of ourselves is, for our consciousness, a serious handicap, which artificial beings do not share. More on the subject William Clancey shows the difficulty of using only partially declarative knowledge in “The epistemology of a rule-based expert system: a framework for explanation” in Artificial Intelligence. The “alcoholic” rule is inspired by one of his examples. What Does “Itself” Mean for an Artificial Being? 4. Reflexivity Reflexivity exists when a being observes or acts on him/itself.
Then, it also favors the actions that are allowed by our conscience. Finally, it acts even at the completion of a goal: if some of the consequences of our actions are forbidden, we feel an emotion, remorse, which urges us to obey our conscience in the future. The difficulty is to find how one can set up and respect what is right and what is wrong. There are three levels of conscience: the first one is useful for an individual, the second one is useful for a group of people such as a country or the believers of a religion, and finally the third one is useful for mankind.