By Philip Jowett, Stephen Walsh
It is a finished advisor to the armies that fought a devastating and decisive clash within the jap Mediterranean among the 2 international Wars of the 20 th century. From the preliminary Greek invasion, designed to "liberate" the 100,000 ethnic Greeks that lived in Western Turkey and had performed for hundreds of years, to Mustapha Kemal Ataturk's particularly effective formation of a countrywide executive and a standard military, this used to be a struggle that formed the geopolitical panorama of the Mediterranean to today. It gave start to the trendy Turkish kingdom, displacing thousands and developing sour stories of atrocities devoted through each side. Augmented with very infrequent pictures and lovely illustrations, this ground-breaking name explores the background, association, and visual appeal of the armies, either guerilla and standard, that fought during this bloody warfare.
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Extra info for Armies of the Greek-Turkish War 1919-22
Officers’ German-style (and often German-made) straight or interwoven braid shoulder boards had been backed or edged in branch colours, with ranks indicated by stars; Nationalist officers discarded shoulder boards and moved their rank to collar patches (see below, ‘Nationalist rank insignia, 1920–22’). Legwear for officers was not standardized; from photographic evidence it appears that junior officers wore puttees or leather gaiters with ankle boots, and more senior ranks high riding boots. An eyewitness account of the fighting in 1922 describes the wide variety of clothing worn by the Nationalist troops: ‘There are picturesque Lazis from distant Eastern Provinces, garbed entirely in black.
Military tunic and breeches that have been tailored to fit her slight frame, worn with leather field boots. Some photos show a Luger P08 pistol and a riding whip tucked into the top of her ammunition bandolier. Although she was known to use several types of rifle, she was most commonly seen with this Mauser M1905 carbine. E3: Flag-bearer, Kilic Ali’s force; Cilicia, 1921 Some Nationalist irregulars who fought the French and their Armenian allies in the southern provinces in 1920–21 wore a uniform of sorts.
His woollen breeches are worn with leather gaiters and ankle boots, although some Greek cavalry received riding boots. On his leather belt he has the ammunition pouches with central button-down flap straps that were particular to mounted troops. He is armed with a Mannlicher-Schönauer M1903/14 carbine, and a cavalry sabre. B: GREEK ARMY, 1921–22 B1: Major-General Nikolaos Trikoupis, 1922 As commander of the Greek Army’s I Corps this general was also given command of II Corps and a division from III Corps at the crisis of the battle of Dumlupinar on 28 August; five days later he was captured with some 5,300 of his men.