By Stephen Chambers
The August Offensive was once born out of the mess ups of the Gallipoli landings and the next battles of past due spring and early summer time 1915. normal Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Expeditionary strength, selected to play all his last playing cards during this bold and creative gamble that he was hoping could eventually flip the tide within the allies desire and convey his military up onto the heights overlooking the elusive Dardanelles.
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30 pm at Helles, preceding the Lone Pine attack, elements of the British 29th Division attacked towards a feature known as the Vineyard. This attack, like the one that would follow at Lone Pine, was aimed at focussing the Turkish attention to those areas, thus giving the best chance of success to the breakout. The British attack at Helles failed, but at Lone Pine the outcome would be very different. Ambitious and risky yes, as all previous attacks of this nature had failed with enormous casualties, however this plan had the advantage of careful planning and cunning, which in previous efforts had been missing.
The British attack at Helles failed, but at Lone Pine the outcome would be very different. Ambitious and risky yes, as all previous attacks of this nature had failed with enormous casualties, however this plan had the advantage of careful planning and cunning, which in previous efforts had been missing. The planned primary attack was against the southern lobe of 400 Plateau, a Turkish position known as Lone Pine. This was scheduled for the late afternoon of 6 August, and would be assaulted by 1 (Australian) Brigade, whilst at midnight, 6/AIF would attack further along the line at German Officer’s Trench, just north of Johnston’s Jolly.
A larger diversion would come at Helles, where the attack hoped to focus the Turkish forces’ attention whilst the Anzacs attempted their breakout and the British IX Corps landed at Suvla. Locally at Anzac there would also be an assault to capture Lone Pine, details of which will be covered later. Major General Alexander Godley, NZ&A Division and commander of the Sari Bair attack. Under the overall command of Major General Sir Alexander Godley, the main Anzac attacking force comprised of the New Zealand and Australian Division, the British 13th (Western) Division plus two attached infantry brigades.