By Umut Uzer
During this e-book, Umut Uzer examines the ideological evolution and transformation of Turkish nationalism from its early precursors to its modern protagonists. Turkish nationalism erupted onto the realm degree within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries, as Greeks, Armenians, and different minority teams in the Ottoman Empire started to search independence. partially in line with the emerging nationalist voices of those teams, Turkish intellectuals all started propagating Turkish nationalism via educational in addition to well known books, and later institutions released semipropagandist journals with the help of the Unionist and Kemalist governments. whereas predominantly a textual research of the first resources written by way of the nationalists, this quantity takes into consideration how political advancements inspired Turkish nationalism and likewise tackles the query of the way an ideology that all started as a innovative, revolutionary, forward-looking excellent finally reworked into person who is conservative, patriarchal, and sentimental to the Ottoman and Islamic earlier. among Islamic and Turkish identification is the 1st e-book in any language to comprehensively examine Turkish nationalism with such scope and engagement with basic resources; it goals to dissect the phenomenon in all its manifestations.
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Extra resources for An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between Turkish Ethnicity and Islamic Identity
38 Similar ideas were expressed by Hüseyin Nihal Atsız, who added racism to his worldview. In his definition of nationalism Ömer Seyfettin rejected the notion of racism because there were “no pure races left” in the world. He was of the opinion that searching the genealogy of individuals served no purpose. Anyone who spoke Turkish, was a Muslim, had a Turkish upbringing, and lived according to Turkish traditions should be considered a Turk. Seyfettin gave the example of Circassians, who emigrated from the Caucasus in the late nineteenth century and did not speak any language except Turkish.
These studies opened up the minds of a number of Ottoman intellectuals who had been unaware of the existence of a significant epoch in their history. These works were read in their original language of publication or were translated into Turkish. Turks began to realize that they had a much older history than the Ottoman history that they had studied and that they had existed for centuries as a separate people before converting to Islam between the tenth and eleventh centuries. One of the early examples of Orientalist studies on Turkish language was by Arthur Lumley Davids, who published A Grammar of the Turkish Language in London in 1832.
Occasionally he vacillated toward pan-Islam and the Muslim component of the state as elements that would consolidate the Ottoman polity. 22 Nevertheless, by talking about patriotism, Ottomans, and Turks, they prepared the ideological framework for the nascent Turkish nationalism of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. ”24 It was indicative of the increasing national self-identification of the Turks and was part of the process that led to a more Turkish version of the Ottoman language, which heavily and freely borrowed from Arabic and Persian.