By Martin G. St. John Sutton, Alan R. Maniet, Jerry Blaivas, David A. McGowan, David Gordon, Stuart Stanton
Clinically appropriate emphasis the following presents the reader with an authoritative evaluation of what suggestions can be found and what photos could be bought. The multiplane probe, paediatric and 3D probes, and colour movement Doppler are integrated.
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Additional info for An Atlas of Multiplane Transesophageal Echocardiography
15). This is an ideal view for evaluating the mitral subvalvular apparatus, because the left ventricle is foreshortened and displays the papillary muscles and chordae tendineae in the middle of the viewing sector. In patients with prosthetic mitral or aortic valves, shadowing from the prosthesis occurs in the opposite direction from the upper esophageal views. In this plane, the ventricular outflow tract is parallel to the ultrasound beam in the middle of the sector, and permits good Doppler interrogation of the outflow tract and proximal aorta without the need for any angle correction.
In: Roelandt JRTC, Pandian NG (eds). Multiplane transesophageal echocardiography. Churchill Livingston: New York, 1996:11–14. 9. Seward JB, Khandheria BK, Freeman WK, et al. Multiplane transesophageal echocardiography: image orientation, examination techniques, anatomic correlations and clinical applications. Mayo Clinic Proc 1993;68:523–51. 10. Chandrasekaran K, Walsh DV, Ross JJ, et al. Multiplane transesophageal echocardiography increases diagnostic capability beyond biplane transesophageal echocardiography (abstract).
P, posterior; A, anterior; L, left; R, right; b, base; m, mid; a, apical; LV, left ventricle; PPM, posterior papillary muscle; APM, anterior papillary muscle; RV, right ventricle; arrows mitral valve leaflets. 17 Transgastric view of the left heart obtained at 90°. Anatomical specimens and corresponding multiplane echocardiographic longitudinal images obtained from this window. P, posterior; A, anterior; S, superior; I, inferior; LV, left ventricle; LA, left atrium; Ao, aorta. 18 Transgastric view of the right heart obtained at 0°.