By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
This special case learn explores the dramatic financial and social adjustments that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. along with significant advances in rice know-how, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, becoming infrastructure, and concrete financial actions have sped up the velocity of switch. using a special facts set outfitted from a variety of surveys from 1966 to 1997 in a regular Laguna village, the authors illustrate a trend of socioeconomic improvement shared by way of irrigated rice components all through Asia.
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Additional info for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
Because the rent that new leaseholders had to pay to landlords was fixed at 25 per cent of output at the time of the programme’s implementation, their rent reduction amounted to about 15 per cent of output; this represented an income transfer from landlords to tenants resulting from Operation Leasehold. More important, under the fixed land rent, the income transfer to new lease holders increased automatically by the amounts that rice yields increased. In effect, Operation Leasehold established a right of tenants to receive a part of the economic return from the land.
The family reconstitution also gives an estimate of 36 hectares for the paddy area cultivated by the rice farmers in the village in 1918. Since the cultivated paddy area at that time was only about a third of cultivatable area, land frontiers were wide open and attracted a large number of migrants. 2 per cent by natural growth. Although data are not available, it should not be unreasonable to imagine that the expansion of the cultivated area largely paralleled the population growth in this period.
In the earlier settlement and land-opening stages, farmland was easily available for the young to rent, if they wished to start farming. As the land opening Chronology of the Village 31 approached its limit, it became progressively more difficult for the sons of farmers in this village, and more so for migrants from other villages, to acquire lands to establish themselves as farmers. They had to subsist on wages from hired work on neighbours’ farms. In earlier days too, a few agricultural labourers had lived by hired employment, but they were mainly young boys living in their parents’ houses, or newly-married couples in bamboo-nipa huts built in their parents’ yards.