By Albert C. Perrino Jr. MD, Scott T. Reeves MD MBA FACC
--Up-to-date perform directions by way of the ASE,SCA, and eu organization of Echocardiography.
--Featured bankruptcy on 3D echocardiography
-- transportable dimension for simple use at the go
--New educational bankruptcy on mitral repair
--New bankruptcy on evolving position of TEE in the course of coronary revascularization
--Purchase comes with an book with full-motion video and broad colour art embedded seamlessly into every one chapter
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Extra info for A practical approach to transesophageal echocardiography
ME AV LAX w/ CFD of AV ~110 to 140 degrees ~110 to 140 degrees 8. ME 4C w/ CFD of MV ~0 to 10 degrees 10. ME 2C ~90 degrees 13. Desc aorta SAX ~0 degrees ~0 to 10 degrees 11. TG Mid SAX ~0 degrees 14. UE Aortic arch SAX ~90 degrees 47 ~60 to 80 degrees 6. ME Bicaval ~110degrees 9. ME 4C w/ CFD of TV ~0 to 10 degrees 12. TG 2C ~90 degrees 15. 28 The author’s recommended basic transesophageal echocardiography cardiac examination. ME, midesophageal; AV, aortic valve; CFD, color flow Doppler; TV, tricuspid valve; RV, right ventricular; I-O, inflow–outflow; PV, pulmonary valve; TG, transgastric; SAX, short-axis; LAX, long-axis; Desc, descending; 2C, two-chamber; 4C, four-chamber.
It can also be used to look for thrombus of the left ventricular apex and left atrial appendage. Another frequent use is to verify the correct position of a retrograde cardioplegia catheter in the coronary sinus. The catheter will be seen as an echodense structure visible in the coronary sinus located in the atrioventricular groove at approximately 9 o’clock in this cross section (Fig. 9). 9 Midesophageal Long-axis View After evaluation of the ME two-chamber view, the probe is further rotated to approximately 120 degrees or when the left ventricular outflow tract is seen.
Which of the following views is useful for placement of femoral cannula prior to the initiation of CPB? a. ME bicaval b. ME four-chamber c. ME two-chamber d. TG midshort axis 16. Which of the following views is useful for the evaluation of pulmonary pathology in an adult patient with a prior tetralogy of Fallot repair? a. ME RV inflow–outflow b. UE aortic arch short axis c. TG RV inflow d. a and b 17. Aorta b. Left atrium c. Left ventricle d. indd 50 18. Thrombus in the left atrial appendage is best seen in which view?