Download e-book for kindle: A Framework for Web Science by Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, James A Hendler

By Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall, James A Hendler

A Framework for internet technology units out a chain of methods to the research and synthesis of the area large net, and different web-like info buildings. A complete set of study questions is printed, including a sub-disciplinary breakdown, emphasising the multi-faceted nature of the internet, and the multi-disciplinary nature of its examine and improvement. those questions and techniques jointly set out an schedule for internet technology, the technological know-how of decentralised info structures. net technology is needed either with a purpose to comprehend the net, and for you to concentration its improvement on key communicational and representational necessities. A Framework for net technology surveys relevant engineering matters, comparable to the improvement of the Semantic internet, net prone and P2P. Analytic ways to find the Web's topology, or its graph-like constructions, are tested. ultimately, the internet as a know-how is basically socially embedded; for this reason quite a few concerns and specifications for net use and governance also are reviewed. A Framework for internet technological know-how is aimed essentially at researchers and builders within the region of Web-based wisdom administration and data retrieval. it is going to even be a useful reference for college kids in computing device technological know-how on the postgraduate point, teachers and commercial practitioners.

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87], and the decentralised 54 The analysis of the Web model of the Web certainly promotes the view that its growth is beyond control. The Web-as-platform model means that there are genuine and powerful senses in which the “creators” of the Web (who can be conceived as: the early conceptualisers of pervasive links between knowledge and knowledge representations; the originators of the powerful standards and languages underlying the Web as we know it; the many professionals currently and selflessly undertaking the painstaking negotiations on W3C standards bodies; or the writers of the actual content that we see online) do not control the macroscopic structure.

1. Web semantics 37 can be given in XML tags in the normal way. However, in the body of the resource, which we cannot assume to be structured, there may be a need for temporal information too, for users to find manually. In such a case, it is hard to identify necessary temporal information in a body of unstructured text, and to determine whether a time stamp refers to its own section or to some other part of the resource. It may be that some ideas can be imported from the temporal organisation of more structured resources such as databases, as long as over-prescription is avoided [173].

For instance, a wiki is a website that allows users and readers to add and edit content, which allows communication, argument and commentary; the Wikipedia (http://en. org/wiki/Main Page for the English language version), an online encyclopaedia written by its user community, has become very reliable despite ongoing worries about the trustworthiness of its entries and fears of vandalism. Ontologies may be supplemented by folksonomies, which arise when a large number of people are interested in some information, and are encouraged to describe it – or tag it (they may tag selfishly, to organise their own retrieval of content, or altruistically to help others’ navigation).

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